Object Oriented Programming Basic: PHP

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Video tutorial illustrates basics of OOP in PHP.

Things covered:
Defining class.
Creating Objects.
Public and Private access of Properties/Data.
Separating Class file and the application file.

What is a Class ?
A class is simply a representation of a type of object. It is the blueprint/ plan/ template that describe the details of an object. A class is the blueprint from which the individual objects are created. Class is composed of three things: a name, attributes, and operations.

Class Add
add.php

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< ?php
	class Add
	{
		private $a;
		private $b;
 
		function setValues($v1, $v2)
		{
		   $this->a = $v1;
		   $this->b = $v2;
		}
 
		function add()
		{
			return( $this->a + $this->b );
		}
	}
?>

class is a keyword. Add is the name of the class we’ve assigned.
$a and $b are two variables of class Add. These have private access specifier, meaning, they’re not accessible directly from outside the class.
Public access specifier indicates that they can be accessed even outside the scope of a class. Private variables are treated as safe, so we prefer that.

Since private variables are accessed inside the class, we declared two methods inside the class Add. i.e., setValues() and add()
setValues() has two parameters which are then assigned to the local variables $a and $b using the $this pointer.

$this pointer references to the object which is currently pointing to it.

add() method adds the user passed values and returns the result.

Application File
index.php

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?php
 	include_once('add.php');
 
	$add = new Add();
 
	$add->setValues(50, 100);
	echo $add->add();
 
	$add->setValues(150, 100);
	echo '<br />'.$add->add();
 
	$add2 = new Add();
 
	$add2->setValues(500, 1000);
	echo '<br />'.$add2->add();
 
?>

Here we include the add.php file and create an object of (class)type Add.
Using this object we pass values to setValues(), and then call add() method, which returns the added value of the passed numbers. which is then output to the browser.

We could create as many objects as we wish and then pass and output as many results as required, without altering the class file what so ever, once finalized.

So this is the power of Object Oriented Programming.
This way we could manage complex applications easily or in an organized/standard way.
Increase code re-usability.
Also reduce maintenance cost etc..

Object Oriented Programming Basic: PHP


You need to a flashplayer enabled browser to view this YouTube video

YouTube Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0smq5Lf6Q2k [Watch the Video In Full Screen.]



Why OOP in PHP ?
Most web projects still use procedural i.e., function based software development approach. And honestly, it has no issue, because most web projects are so small scale and straight forward that they don’t require OOP in most cases.

But for complex application development, you need OOP for effectiveness.
Like, if you want to build a home, you need a lot of planning, preparation and some standard approach to build it.

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