Get Index and Delete Index: MongoDB

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We learnt the uses of having an index/key on our collection and how to create the index. Now, in this video tutorial lets learn how to get index on individual collection and how to drop / remove / delete the index we’ve created.

getIndex-dropIndex-mongodb

Related Read: index creation: MongoDB

temp: Database name
no, another: collection names
We’ve 10 Million documents inside “no” collection.

Sample document

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> use temp
switched to db temp
> show collections
no
system.indexes
 
> db.no.find({"student_id": {$lt: 3}}).pretty()
{
        "_id" : ObjectId("53c9020abcdd1ea7fb833cda"),
        "student_id" : 0,
        "name" : "Satish"
}
{
        "_id" : ObjectId("53c9020abcdd1ea7fb833cdb"),
        "student_id" : 1,
        "name" : "Satish"
}
{
        "_id" : ObjectId("53c9020abcdd1ea7fb833cdc"),
        "student_id" : 2,
        "name" : "Satish"
}

Fetch Index and Drop / remove Index: MongoDB


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YouTube Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYHIRWHS_5I [Watch the Video In Full Screen.]



We shall take a look at “system.indexes” collection

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> db.system.indexes.find()
{ "v" : 1, "key" : { "_id" : 1 }, 
           "name" : "_id_", "ns" : "temp.no" }
{ "v" : 1, "key" : { "student_id" : 1 }, 
           "name" : "student_id_1", "ns" : "temp.no" }

Create “another” collection

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> db.another.insert({"name": "Satish", "age": 27});
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
 
> show collections
another
no
system.indexes
 
> db.system.indexes.find()
{ "v" : 1, "key" : { "_id" : 1 }, 
           "name" : "_id_", "ns" : "temp.no" }
{ "v" : 1, "key" : { "student_id" : 1 }, 
           "name" : "student_id_1", "ns" : "temp.no" }
{ "v" : 1, "key" : { "_id" : 1 }, 
           "name" : "_id_", "ns" : "temp.another" }

After creating “another” collection, mongoDB engine generates default key on its “_id” field. And “system.indexes” shows all the keys present inside the database for all the collections it has. This can get messy if we have large number of collections – which we do in even slightly bigger projects.

To get index on individual collection

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> db.another.getIndexes()
[
        {
                "v" : 1,
                "key" : {
                        "_id" : 1
                },
                "name" : "_id_",
                "ns" : "temp.another"
        }
]
 
> db.no.getIndexes()
[
        {
                "v" : 1,
                "key" : {
                        "_id" : 1
                },
                "name" : "_id_",
                "ns" : "temp.no"
        },
        {
                "v" : 1,
                "key" : {
                        "student_id" : 1
                },
                "name" : "student_id_1",
                "ns" : "temp.no"
        }
]

We can make use of getIndex() method to fetch or get indexes / keys present on individual collection.

Removing / deleting / dropping – index / key

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> db.no.dropIndex({"student_id": 1});
{ "nIndexesWas" : 2, "ok" : 1 }
 
> db.no.getIndexes()
[
        {
                "v" : 1,
                "key" : {
                        "_id" : 1
                },
                "name" : "_id_",
                "ns" : "temp.no"
        }
]

make use of dropIndex() method and pass-in the index object similar to that used while creating the index. This shall drop the index.

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